A comprehensive review on Parnabeeja [Bryophyllum pinnatum (lam.) Oken]
Nagaratna A, Prakash L Hegde
Bryophyllum pinnatum (lam.) Oken is an indigenous and exotic plant used widely by the traditional practitioners for treating various ailments like renal calculi, hypertension, asthma, cold, abscesses, bleeding disorders. The local people of southern India and Bengal use the plant in renal diseases as a source of Pashanabheda, which is commonly known as Parnabeeja, a member of Crassulaceae. Plant is found naturally throughout the country. It is a succulent herb, leaves are variable and leaflets are elliptic. Flowers are reddish purple. Over the years, studies have been carried out to explore various pharmacological activities like Urolithic, Diuretic, Anti-Diabetic, Wound healing property. Besides, phyto-chemical investigations reveal the presence of Alkaloids, cardiac glycoside, Flavonoids. Keeping in view, the medicinal properties of the plant, an attempt has been made in this review paper to explore various dimensions of the drug including; Ayurvedic aspects, botany, phytochemical and pharmacological studies carried out on this drug.