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Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies
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ISSN Print: 2394-0530, ISSN Online: 2320-3862, NAAS Rating: 3.53

NAAS Rating: 3.53 NEW

Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies

2016, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Part B
Herbagernyield and essential oil composition of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) under the influence of differentrnmulching materials and fertilizers

Eirini Sarrou, Paschalina Chatzopoulou, Theodoros Koutsos V, Stavros Katsiotis

Field experiment wasrnconducted in order to evaluate the effect of synthetic and organic mulching onrnweed control, biomass production and essential oil yield of sweet basil (Ocinumrnbasilicum L.). Moreover, the effect of fertilizers containing differentrnforms of nitrogen on sweet basil essential oils and herbage yield was alsornexamined. The applied fertilization (one inorganic and four organic), affectedrnsignificantly the herbage yield compared to the control. Namely, the treatmentsrnof organic Agrobiosol (O-A) and Neem-cake (O-NK) increased the herbage yield byrn33 and 47.75%, respectively. The essential oil content ranged betweenrn1.06-1.27% and 0.88-1.36% under mulching and fertilizing treatments,rnrespectively, with main constituents: linalool, 1.8 cineol, 4 terpineol, α-bergamotene and t-cadinene. Moreover significant quantitativerndifferences in basil volatile constituents were observed under the influence ofrndifferent types of fertilizers. The components 1, 8 cineol, α-bergamotene and t-cadinol were mostly affected by organicrnfertilization (O-L).
Effect of mulching (A.) and fertilizing (B.) on essential oil content (%) of Ocimum basilicum L. N-WD: Non-weeded, C-HW: control hand weeded, M-GT: geo textile, M-BP: black thick plastic , M-WS: wheat straw, C: control, O-L: Lipanfyt, I-NN: NH4NO3, O-A: Agrobiosol, O-CM: cattle manure, O-NK: Neem-cake. Values are mean (n = 4) ± SE. Vertical bars represent ± SE. Different letters indicate a significant difference at P ≤ 0.05 according to ANOVA and Duncan’s multiple range test.
Fig.: Effect of mulching (A.) and fertilizing (B.) on essential oil content (%) of Ocimum basilicum L. N-WD: Non-weeded, C-HW: control hand weeded, M-GT: geo textile, M-BP: black thick plastic , M-WS: wheat straw, C: control, O-L: Lipanfyt, I-NN: NH4NO3, O-A: Agrobiosol, O-CM: cattle manure, O-NK: Neem-cake. Values are mean (n = 4) ± SE. Vertical bars represent ± SE. Different letters indicate a significant difference at P ≤ 0.05 according to ANOVA and Duncan’s multiple range test.
Pages : 111-117 | 681 Views | 31 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Eirini Sarrou, Paschalina Chatzopoulou, Theodoros Koutsos V, Stavros Katsiotis. Herbagernyield and essential oil composition of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) under the influence of differentrnmulching materials and fertilizers. 2016; 4(1): 111-117.
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