The present and recent study highlights the advantages of biotechnological involvement in ashwagandha plants in order to overcome the presence of plant-to-plant chemically variable or different to be used for the high or large-scale production of the drug at low cost which will be affordable levels. Callus culture were started from shoot tip, leaf and root explants (excised plant pieces) on MS medium also known as Murashige and Skoog (1962)  medium containing 2,4-D,NAA and IBA. Shoot culture were started from callus with conc. of 2.0 mg/l Kinetin + 1.0 mg/l BAP while root culture were started from shoots with conc. of 0.5 mg/l BAP + 1.0 mg/l IBA.Shoot cultures were regenerated or reform by these three explants and its generation capacity, its length and morphology were determined. Plant tissue culture is based on the reason or fact that many of the different plant cells have the tendency or capacity to regenerate reform and proliferate a whole plant due to totipotency. Single cells, plant cells without cell walls k/a protoplasts, pieces of leaves explants, or less commonly roots explants can maximally be used to produce a new variant plant than its parent plant on culture media (mostly MS) given the required nutrients supplements and plant hormones.
Naveen Gaurav, AP Singh, Abhishekh Srivastava, Arun Kumar, Deepak Kumar, Komal, Hira Singh Gariya. Morphology of callus, shoots, roots and leafs of Withania somnifera (Cultivated and Wild) in vitro tissue culture conditions with different hormones concentration. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2016; 4(3): 136-139.