Diversity, Knowledge and Use of Traditional Medicinal Plants in Guduru District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Region of Ethiopia
Mulugeta Kebebew, Ketema Dadi and Erchafo Mohammed
Traditional medicine has remained as the most affordable and easily accessible source of treatment in the primary healthcare system of resource poor communities in Ethiopia. The local people have a long history of traditional plant usage for medicinal purposes. This study documents indigenous medicinal plant utilization, management and the threats affecting them. Ethnobotanical data were collected using semi structured interviews, field observations, preference and direct matrix ranking with traditional medicine practitioners. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics; informant consensus factor and fidelity level using MS-Excel 2010. The ethno-medicinal use of 93 plant species belonging to 85 genera and 52 families were documented in the study area. The highest family in terms of species number is Fabaceae. Herbs were dominant (31.3%) flora followed by shrubs (30.1%). Most of the medicinal species (52.7%) were collected from the wild. Most of the plants (60.2%) were reportedly used to treat human diseases. The most frequently used plant parts were leaves (34.68%), followed by roots (23.39%). Fresh plant parts were used mostly (53.3%) followed by dried (29.3%) and the remaining (17.4%) either in fresh or dried. Among the preparations, pounding was the dominant (34.1%) form followed by powdering (13.29%). The remedial administration was mostly oral (54.91%) followed by dermal (30.64%). The highest (88.89%) Informant consensus factor was associated with Ocimum urticfoluim followed by Allium sativum (86.67%). The Fidelity level of Allium sativum was calculated irrespective of malaria treatment. Direct matrix analysis showed that Carissa spinarum was the most important species followed by Syzygium guineense indicating high utility value of these species for the local community. The principal threatening factors reported were deforestation followed by agricultural expansion.
Mulugeta Kebebew, Ketema Dadi and Erchafo Mohammed. Diversity, Knowledge and Use of Traditional Medicinal Plants in Guduru District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2017; 5(1): 364-371.