Trillium govanianum Wall. Ex D. Don (Nagchatri): An important Ethno medicinal Plant of Himalayan region (Himachal Pradesh)
Om Raj Sharma, Deepshikha Arya, Sumeet Goel, Kavita Vyas and Prashant Shinde
Introduction: Trillium govanianum Wall ex D. Don is a promising medicinal plant of Himalayan region. During the last decades the medicinal plant is in high demand. Locally the plant is known as nagchatri. Aim: The present study has been carried out to assess the quantum extraction and status, trade and conservation of this species. Material and Method: The State of Himachal Pradesh (30°22′40″- 33°12′40″ N to 75°45′55″- 79°04′20″ E) was surveyed.Geographical Distribution: The genus Trillium consists of 31 species, widely distributed in Western Himalaya. Discussion: The root of the taxon is widely used by the local inhabitants of Himachal Pradesh in treatment of various ailments. Due to unscrupulous extraction of this species from wild in Himachal Pradesh, its population has decreased to a great extent. Such practices have left the species in Threatened condition. Conclusion: There is urgent need tocreate awareness and give training to local communities about sustainable exploitation of medicinal plant wealth and to encourage its large-scale cultivation in high-altitude areas. The government should raise nurseries and provide plant material to villagers. It will not only help in its conservation, but also supplement their income.
Om Raj Sharma, Deepshikha Arya, Sumeet Goel, Kavita Vyas and Prashant Shinde. Trillium govanianum Wall. Ex D. Don (Nagchatri): An important Ethno medicinal Plant of Himalayan region (Himachal Pradesh). Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2018; 6(1): 11-13.