Medicinal and aromatic plants for climate change adaptation: Scope and prospects with special reference to North Eastern Himalayas
Noyingthung Kikon and Thejangulie Angami
With the ever increasing global population, climate change is a serious threat to the food, health and livelihood security of millions of people. Across the larger part of the globe the productivity and profitability of agricultural systems are declining necessitating newer, more resilient and sustainable systems. Commercial cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) could be a viable option as these plants have better adaptability to diverse climatic conditions, requires lower inputs and have higher value and demand than conventional crops. MAPs can be successfully introduced for diversification of agricultural, horticultural and agroforestry systems and also for reclamation of unproductive barren and wastelands. North eastern region of India harbors several unique and important MAPs species and with proper planning and management of these resources the MAPs sector has a great potential for agricultural resurgence in the region towards climate change adaptation and food, health and livelihood security.