Phytochemical screening and quantification of phytoconstituents in Gmelina arborea fruits extracts
DL Chothani and NM Patel
The aims of present investigation are to carried out phytochemical screening and quantify phytoconstituents of Gmelina arborea (Verbenaceae)fruits extracts. The ethyl acetate, methanolic and water extract of G. arborea were screened and phytochemical analysis showed the presence of carbohydrates, saponin, alkaloid, flavonoids, phenolic compound, steroid and triterpenes. The quantification of total phenolic and flavonoids were carried out using Folin–Ciocalteu method and aluminium chloride method respectively while saponin content determined using vanillin sulphuric acid in G. arborea fruits extracts. Crude alkaloid content was determined in G. arborea fruit powder. TLC (Thin layer chromatography) is also performed on methanol extract of fruits of G. arborea. The Results revealed that ethyl acetate extract showed highest amount of phenolic and flavonoids content whereas the highest saponin content was found in methanolic extract of fruits.