A survey of stem bark used in traditional health care practices in some popular herbal markets in Osun state, Nigeria
Adeniji KA, Ariwaodo JO, Osiyemi OA and Ugbogu OA
This study was conducted to determine the ethno-medicinal importance of stem barks used in traditional health care practices in Osun State, Southwest Nigeria. Market survey was carried out at Oja Oba at Osogbo, Oja-Oba at Ikirun, Oja Obada at Otan-Ayegbaju, and Oja Orisunmi- bare at Inisa in Osun state. Structured questionnaires were used to collect data on local uses, recipe, preparation, local names along with uses for different ailments. Data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics. The market survey revealed the stem bark of forty plant species belonging to twenty two families were being used for therapeutic purposes in the study area. The common ailments are fever, cough, skin disease, asthma, dysentery and piles. The most frequently debarked tree species belong to Meliaceae family which accounted for (17.5%) closely followed by Fabaceae with (10%), while Apocynaceae and Anarcadiaceae families accounted for (7.5%) each. The price per kilogram of these medicinal barks varies between N40. 00 for Uvaria afzelii Scott Elliotand N10.00 for Anthocleista djalonensis A. Chev in the markets surveyed. Strategies for safeguarding our plant resources from the destructive practice of debarking were proposed to checkmate the danger of local extinction of these valuable and renewable plant resources. The role of herbarium for correct identification and authentication of barks is recommended.
Adeniji KA, Ariwaodo JO, Osiyemi OA and Ugbogu OA. A survey of stem bark used in traditional health care practices in some popular herbal markets in Osun state, Nigeria. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2018; 6(6): 08-12.