Ethno botanical studies of Tatta Pani Valley, Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Pakistan
Ayesha Azeem, Anwar Zeb, Shakeela Umer, Gohar Ali and Yaseen Khan
A comprehensive ethno botanical survey was conducted in valley Tatta Pani, Kotli Azad Jammu and Kashmir, during 2015-2016. The area is floristically very rich with dense vegetation cover. Semi-structured interviews and questionnaires were used to ethno botanical data from local inhabitants of Tatta Pani. A total number of 70 species belonging to 33 families were recorded. Of these 70 species 50 (71.42%) are medicinally important, followed by feed 25 (35.71%), fuel 17 (24.28%), marketing 15 (21.42%), timber wood 7 (10%), fencing/hedge 6 (8.57) and ornamental 5 (7.1%). The most frequently used plant part was leaf 48 (70%) followed by stem 39 (67.1%), fruit 23 (32.85%), seeds 17 (24.28%) and flower 7 (7.1%). Habit wise classification of the plant species of the study area revealed 27 (38.57%) trees followed by 26 (37.14%) herbaceous, 12 (17.14%) shrubs and 8 (11.42%) climbers. The community of the area depends on natural resources for firewood, feed, housing, timber and medicine due to lack of basic facilities. This is the first-ever exploration of the study area which will assist new researcher in future especially in the field of ecology and ethno botany.
Ayesha Azeem, Anwar Zeb, Shakeela Umer, Gohar Ali and Yaseen Khan. Ethno botanical studies of Tatta Pani Valley, Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Pakistan. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies. 2020; 8(3): 14-20.