Study of Wild Medicinal Xerophytes of District Bannu, Kpk
Aziz Khan, Sultan Mehmood, Rehman Ullah khan*, and Saad Ullah khan
The present study was carried out, to assess record and report the medicinal properties of wild plants of BannurnDistrict. The present investigation comprises the indigenous uses of 22 species belonging to 16 families ofrnAngiosperm. Based upon their utility these most wild plants are medicinal and are also used as a fuel. 10 species arernused as fodder for cattle. 6 species were found useful as timber. Some species have edible fruit i.e. Zizphusrnmauratiana L. 6 species are honey bee species. 10 species are useful for agricultural tools. 2 species are found to berncultivated. Most important families having medicinal importance are Chenopodiaceae, Rosaceae, Rhamnaceae andrnMimosaceae having 2 Plants, while the remaining families i.e. Amaranthaceae, Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Asteraceae,rnAsclepiadaceae, Brassicaceae, Capparidaceae Euphorbiaceae, Solonaceae, Tamaricaceae, Verbenaceae, andrnZygophyllaceae having one plant each. The most common wild medicinal plants in this area are Calotropis procerarnSolanum surratense, Ricinus communis, Nerium odorum, Trachy spermmi, Vitex negundo. Some plant have Wildrnfruit such as Capparis deciduas. Famous fodder species of the area are Acacia modesta and A.nilotica L. Somernmedicinal plants are depleting in Bannu District due to over-exploitation by the local people and need properrnattention e.g. Trachy spermum ammi. About 100 informants including local people i.e. farmer, herbalists, hakim andrnMedicinal plants user were interviewed for the collection of medicinal data through questionnaire. The data obtainedrnwas compiled; it was suggested that vulnerable and over-exploited medicinal plants may be conserved forrnsustainable use and to protect natural biodiversity.