Biodiversity in the Medicinal Flora of District Bannu Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Rehman Ullah Khan*, Sultan Mehmood, Saad Ullah Khan, Farheen Jaffar
The research work presented was initiated to get information and report the biodiversity in endemic flora of therndistrict Bannu in the weather of winter 2012. The present research deals with preliminary contribution to thernclassification of native plants of District Bannu. As a whole about 128 plants belonging to 49 families wererncollected, documented and preserved in the herbarium of Bannu Department of Botany UST, Bannu. The plantsrnwere identified botanically, arranged alphabetically along with their photographs, family names, local names,rnEnglish names, descriptions, part used, flowering seasons, chemicals constituents, methods of applications of theirrnparts and medicinal importance. Most of the plants are wild while few plants are cultivated. Like wise some plantrnare classified as wild and as well as cultivated. There were found plants with edible fruits e.g. Mangifera indica &rnPyrus malus etc. Several plants are classified as ornamental flora while some are of use as fencing and hedging. Outrnof collected flora some plants were observed as vegetables i.e. Lycopersicon esculentum, Allium cepa, Allium sativarnwhilst some plants are classified as cereal crops i.e. wheat, maize, oat and rice. In this way whole of the flora arernclassified as in six groups. 1 Wild species (73) 2. Cultivated plants (45) 3. Ornamental plants (9) 4. Indicatorrnspecies (33) 5. Food values species (49) 6. Economically important flora (48). Most of the plants belong to thernfollowing families Solanaceae (10), Astraceae (8) cucurbitaceae (8), Poaceae (7), Moraceae (5) and Euphorbiaceaern(4).