A review on Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum DC.) and Desmodium species (Desmodium triflorum DC. & Desmodium laxiflorum DC.) –Ethnomedicinal perspectives
Suman Singh, Neha Parmar, Bhupesh Patel
Shalparni is one of the drug of Laghupanchamoola so of Dashamoola. Shalparni is mainly found to be used as one of the ingredient of Parnidwaya, Chatuparni or as Laghupanchmoola/Dashamoola. Shalparni is found widely used in Samhitas, its various single uses were reported in various chikitsagranthas. It possess Tikta-kashaya rasa, Ushna veerya, Madhura vipaka and Guru guna. It is found indicated in various conditions like, Jwara, Atisara, Shwasa, Chardi, Shwasa etc. Accepted botanical source of Shalparni is Desmodium gangeticum which belongs to family Fabaceae, is reported as endangered species. In India 49 Desmodium species are found where, 15 Desmodium species are reported in Gujarat. Vaidyas of Gujarat use different species of Desmodium at the place of Shalparni i.e. Desmodium triflorum and Desmodium laxiflorum. Desmodium gangeticum is used by most of the tribal communities of India. Some tribal communities of Assam and Bihar also use Desmodium laxiflorum for treating various disorders. Desmodium triflorum is also found to be used by many tribal communities of different states of India like, A.P., W.B., U.P., M.P., Tamilnadu etc. Desmodium gangeticum is also found being used by tribes of Uganda and China. The present study is an attempt to review various tribal claims regarding different Desmodium species being used in India.