A Critical review on commonly used herbal drugs in CKD
Gupta Mahesh Chand, Trilok chand
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that extract waste from blood, balance body fluids, form urine, and aid in other important functions of the body. The main role of the kidneys is to filter waste products from the blood before converting them into urine. The kidneys also help maintain blood pressure, maintain the correct levels of chemicals in your body which, in turn, will help heart and muscles function properly, produce the active form of vitamin D that keeps bones healthy, produce a substance called erythropoietin, which stimulates production of red blood cells. Chronic kidney disease is the reduced ability of the kidney to carry out these functions in the long-term. This is most often caused by damage to the kidneys from other conditions, most commonly diabetes and high blood pressure. A new model predicts that about half of all people aged 30 and older in the United States will develop chronic kidney disease during their lifetimes, a surprisingly large proportion for a condition that is not on the radar screens of many Americans. CKD is more common in people of south Asian origin (those from India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Pakistan) and black people than the general population. The reasons for this include higher rates of diabetes in south Asian people and higher rates of high blood pressure in African or Caribbean people. We are not all equal with regard to kidney disease and access to treatment. Some communities in both higher and lower income countries are at greater risk than others because of their ethnic origin, socioeconomic status and/or where they live. This has major public health implications because of the terrible impact of kidney failure. Tectona grandis, Sesamum indicum, Hemidesmus indicus, Orthosiphon stamineus, Achyrocline satureioides, Zingiber officinalis, Teminalia chebula etc.