Survey of ethno-veterinary medicinal plants in Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu, India
Bhuvaneswari R, Ramanathan R, Mathumathi TK, Madheswaran A, Dhandapani R
Survey of ethno-veterinary medicinal plants in Namakkal district, Tamilnadu was carried out between October-2011 to February 2012. Plant information and medicinal uses were collected from different ethnic groups, villagers, mattu vaithiyar and folklore. A total of 75 species of ethno-veterinary medicinal plants used by the leaves, bark, and stem were used parts followed by whole plant/stem/bark/latex (20%) seed and fruit, (18.6%),rhizome/root/tubers (10.6%) and leaves and stem/bulbs/flower (6.6%). Several plants were found to be effect in treatment of animal diseases. Species of plants are used by humans for as food, medicine fiber, fuel, oils, shelter, poisons, ornamentals and other purposes. The most common forms of ethno–veterinary preparations are powders, poultice, ointment, decoction, infusion, extracts and juice. The 75 plant species belonging to 36 families are gathered and explained its exact botanical name with family, local name and ethno-veterinary medicinal use for number of diseases. Conservation and cultivation of these plants is essential for sustaining the ethno-veterinary medicinal and cultural resource of mankind.
Fig.: Study area map of Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu.