Ethnomedico Profile of Indigenous flora of Tehsil Barnala, district Bhimber, Pakistan
Muhammad Ishtiaq, Mehwish Maqbool, Tanveer Hussain, Shehzad Azam, Waheeda Mushtaq
An ethnomedicinal profile was generated to explore medicinal potential of indigenous plants for of Tehsil Barnala District Bhimber, used against renal disorders. A comprehensive and spatial survey from three locations was conducted by using questionnaire methodology consisting on open-ended and closed-ended interview strategy. A total of 155 informants (70 male and 85 female) were interviewed from local community people and rural hakims (herbalists). The analysis generated checklist of 50 plants which belonged to 35 families. Commonly used plant parts were fruits (26.3%), leave (12.7%) and seeds (16.45%) and frequent usable forms were: tea mixture (26.34%), cold extract (18.73%), decoction (17.1%) and dry powder (13.65%). Informant Consensus Factor (ICF) values in all the three selected localities were; 0.653, 1.256, 0.483 in Malot, Dandar and Kadhala, respectively. Fidelity Level (FL%) of these plant species was also calculated and it was determined that most commonly used plant species against renal problems in these areas are: Ricinus communis, Rosa damascena, Punica granatum, Zingiber officinale, Zea mays, Daucus carota, Raphanus sativus, Mentha longifolia, Aloe barbadensis, Musa paradisiaca, Phyllanthus emblica nd Achyranthes aspera. Phytochemical analysis of different plants was also done in lab for finding out the biochemistry of these plants. Plants of Punica granatum, Datura inoxia, Aloe barbadensis, Phyllanthus emblica and Ricinus communis were tested for confirmation of terpenoids, tannins, flavonoids, saponins and anthraquinones.