Plant based folk treatments from North East India for jaundice. (An overview)
Bipin Kumar Sharma, Ramashanker, Sushanta Ghosh, Lovely Rahaman, Nandita Nath and David Lalvohbika Kaipeng
Jaundice is a life threatening disease affects human liver, the symptoms manifested in the form of extreme weakness, constipation, nausea, yellowing of the eyes, tongue, skin and urine; dull ache in the liver region of stomach and possible itching all over the body. The yellow colour first appears in the cornea of eyes and then spreads to the whole skin. The excess of bile pigments circulating in the blood give yellow colour to the eye and skin. There are several conditions that may interrupt the elimination of bilirubin from the blood and cause jaundice.
The present work is focused on medicinal plants used to treat jaundice and hepatitis. A total of ninety seven plant species belonging to 48 families are used by the people of northeast India for the treatment of jaundice. Twelve plant species namely Andrographis panicula (Burm.f.) Nees, Averrhoa carambola L, Curcuma zedoaria Rosc, Cuscuta reflexa Roxb, Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk., Eclipta prostrata L., Emblica officinalis Gaertn., Garcinia pedunculata Roxb., Momordica charantia L., Morinda angustifolia Roxb., Phyllanthus fraternus Webster have been reported repeatedly by many worker of North East India. The most frequent used plant parts are: fruits (37%); leaves (28%); roots (14%); Bark and whole plant (11%). Part of the plant used, dosage, duration, restriction on intake of food etc. has been reported. This study would help the future workers to select and illustrate some plants enlisted for treatment of jaundice and hepatitis.
Bipin Kumar Sharma, Ramashanker, Sushanta Ghosh, Lovely Rahaman, Nandita Nath, David Lalvohbika Kaipeng. Plant based folk treatments from North East India for jaundice. (An overview). J Med Plants Stud 2016;4(5):234-247.