Botanical and phytochemical constituents of several medicinal plants from mount Klabat north Minahasa
Eva Nonke Sherly Kaunang and Mokosuli Yermia Semuel
Medicinal plants are of great importance to the health of individuals and communities. The research has been done to examine the constituents of phytochemical and botanical characteristics of medicinal plants, ethnomedical surrounding mount Klabat, North Minahasa. The results of this study has found alkaloids, tannins, saponins, steroid, terpenoid and flavonoids as phytochemical constituents in 38 medicinal plants belonging to different families when they were compared and characterised. Part of the plant used for ethnomedicinal were: leaves, root, bark, fruit, seeds, pith and the whole plant parts as well. Tree and herbasius were the dominant habitus of medicinal plants. It was also revealed that stewing and ointment were the ethnomedicine general mode of use by the communities. The tested medicinal plants were also used to treat 16 types of diseases in the local communities.