Phytochemical, total phenolic, total flavonoid and total flavonol content estimation in Citrus macroptera Montruz
Khumukcham Nongalleima, T Ajungla and Chingakham B Singh
Citrus macroptera Montruz. is one of the citrus species belonging to Rutaceae family, commonly known as wild orange. The fruits were collected, its rind was dried, powdered and organic extracts; aqueous (NC1), methanol (NC2), aqueous methanol (NC3) were primed. Phytochemical screening of different extracts were performed qualitatively. The various test demonstrated the presence of alkaloid, phenolic, flavonoid, Coumarin glycosides, Saponin glycoside, Mucilage. Among the tested samples, methanol extract (NC2) showed highest phenolic content (7.47 ± 0.01 µg/g) Gallic acid equivalent. Methanolic extract also showed highest flavonoid content (7.28 ± 0.12 µg/g) Quercetin equivalent. Flavonol content was less in all the extract, the highest content was however present in aqueous methanol extract (1.07 ± 0.19 µg/g) Quercetin equivalent.
Khumukcham Nongalleima, T Ajungla, Chingakham B Singh. Phytochemical, total phenolic, total flavonoid and total flavonol content estimation in Citrus macroptera Montruz. J Med Plants Stud 2017;5(3):114-118.