Plants used in traditional medicines by the human population of the Gharb plain (morocco)
T Bouhlal, K Loukili, L Zidane and M Fadli
Moroccan flora is one of the richest flora of North Africa. However, little information is available for certain Moroccan plants, especially Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (MAP). Thus, by this work, we contribute to the compilation of a data bank on plants used as medicinal plants on one of the great Atlantic plains of Morocco, Gharb. The means of study is a questionnaire distributed to 360 individuals which we considered as a representative sample of the socio-economic and cultural structure of the population studied. The results show that all the people surveyed know the therapeutic power of the MAP and one third of them use these plants to treat some diseases. These plants are more used by the elderly especially women. The loreats of vocational schools and high schools represent, farmers and traders use more MAP. About twenty species are used to treat digestive diseases, headaches and to a lesser extent microbial infections. The two thirds of the population prefer to use MAP than chemical drugs. However, one-tenth of the surveyed population had counter-effects after this use. Similarly, 80 per cent of the surveyed population uses a dozen species as herbal tea. A dozen species are used as cosmetic species, 75% of the population knows the cosmetic power of the MAP, and 70% of the latter prefer their direct use.