Hemiparasitic vascular plants of the Loranthaceae family constitute an important part of biodiversity. Widely distributed throughout the world in tropical and temperate zones, the latter play an important role in the health of local populations. It is estimated that more than 80% of the population uses medicinal plants, including Loranthaceae for its health care. It is therefore important to make an inventory of traditional uses of these plants. This work was undertaken in order to know the therapeutic uses of Loranthaceae in the Sud-Comoé Region. Ethnobotanical surveys were conducted among regional trait therapists for 3 years. In total, 7 species of Loranthaceae distributed in three genera are used to treat 33 human diseases. Of these 33 diseases, 8 are constantly cited: diarrhea, tooth decay, high blood pressure, fontanelle, malaria, migraine, rheumatism and sterility. The organs are mainly employed in the fresh state (95% response). Various modes of preparation are noted. Maceration (87% response) and decoction (58%) are most commonly used. The most frequently used modes of administration are drinking (79% responses), steam bath (55%) and enema (35%). Treatments are often accompanied by incantations. In view of the undeniable therapeutic properties of Loranthaceae, studies on the phytochemical and pharmacological properties of these plants should be carried out for possible applications in modern medicine.
AMON Anoh Denis-Esdras, SEGUENA Fofana, SORO Kafana, SORO Dodiomon, N’GUESSAN Koffi. Ethnobotany study of Loranthaceae, hemiparasitic plants used in traditional medicine by population, in the Sud-Comoé region (Côte d’Ivoire). J Med Plants Stud 2017;5(5):217-224.