The fungal endophytes: Sources and future prospects
RS Mane and AB Vedamurthy
The Plants, animals and microorganisms have provided a large variety of biologically active compounds which have wide applications in human health and diseases. Many diseases such as HIV, cancer, tuberculosis are emerging in society with new mode of actions creating a need for the discovery or development of novel products for human health and welfare. However, the problem is the emerging antibiotic resistant varieties of the pathogens casing such deadly diseases. To overcome this problem researchers have shown new untapped area where fungal endophytes can be exploited. These fungal endophytes have come at glance due to broad range of hosts in biodiversity. A large number of endophytic fungi produce valuable Bioactive compounds of medicinal, industrial and agricultural importance. Cryptosporiopsis, Taxomyces, Colletotrichum, Pestalotiopsis, Muscodor, Alternaria are some of the known examples of fungal endophytes in nature. The present review explores various sources and future prospects of endophytic fungi.