Treatment of oxidative stress-related pathologies with plants in Abidjan (Ivory Coast)
Pierre Manda, Jean-Baptiste Aholia Adépo, Ehoulé Kroa and Sébastien Djédjé Dano
The objective of this study was to identify medicinal plants used in the treatment of some oxidative stress-related diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and hemorrhoids.An ethnobotanical survey was conducted in March, 2016 for medicinal plant in three cities of the District of Abidjan. A total of 35 plant species belonging to 22 families used in the treatment of diabetes, hypertension and hemorrhoids were identified. The most treated disease was diabetes (21 species) followed by hemorrhoids (15 species) and high blood pressure (13 species). The most represented families were Asteraceae (5 species; 14.28%) followed by Euphorbiaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, and Rubiaceae, each with 3 species (8.57%). Four plants (Alchornea cordifolia, Vernonia Amygdalina, Moringa oleifera, and Morinda lucida) were used for the treatment of these 3 pathologies. The high content of polyphenols and / or flavonoids in the plants studied could justify their use in traditional medicine in the treatment of diabetes, high blood pressure and hemorrhoids.