Histological evaluation of Calotropis gigantean (L.) R. Br. – Leaf, Root, Stem
Partha Pratim Maiti, Lokesh K Bhardwaj, Nitin Agrawal, Subhasis Panda, Biplab De and Subhash C Mandal
The present study was aimed to evaluate the histological parameters of different part of Calotropis gigantea. Calotropis gigantea (L.) R. Br. belongs to the family Asclepiadaceae is a well known medicinal shrub commonly known as milkweed and has been used in Unani, Ayurvedic and Siddha system of medicine for years. On large scale this plant is found in India, China and Malaysia. Also it is distributed in almost all over the world. Traditionally all the parts of the plant have been used as medicine, as well as an important ingredient in a number of Unani formulations. The plant is also commonly used in Ayurvedic system of medicine for healing various ailments. However the present study was aimed to evaluate the histological parameters to determine the identity, purity and strength of the plant for quality control purpose. The investigations of the study show the presence of madullary rays, xylem fibers, vessels, parenchyma cells, phloem, narrow fibers, wide fibers, lignified fibers and stomata.