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Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies
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ISSN Print: 2394-0530, ISSN Online: 2320-3862, NAAS Rating: 3.53

NAAS Rating: 3.53 NEW

Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies

2018, Vol. 6, Issue 6, Part C
Phytochemical, proximate and elemental analysis of the African mistletoe (Tapinanthus preussii) crude aqueous and ethanolic leaf extracts

Njoya HK, Chukwu E Onyeneke, Okwuonu CU and Erifeta GO

In ethnotherapy, the African mistletoe (Tapinanthus preussii) is implicated as being medicinal, without any scientific validation. Consequently, to ascertain this claim, this study was designed to investigate its phytoconstituents. The phytochemical analysis revealed that varied significant concentrations of alkaloids, carotenoids, flavonoids, anthraquinones, tannins, steroids, antioxidants and saponins were present in both the aqueous and ethanolic extracts; however terpenoids, phlobatannins, phenolics and cardiac glycosides were in trace concentrations. In the proximate analysis, moisture and protein content was significantly (p<0.05) higher in the aqueous extract compared to the ethanolic extract, carbohydrate and lipid contents were significantly higher in the ethanolic extract while trace amounts of the ash content was present in the aqueous extract. The essential minerals Fe2+, Ca2+, K+, Na+, Mg2+ and PO42- were significantly (p<0.05) higher in the aqueous extract relative to the ethanolic extract.. These findings, strongly suggest that Tapinanthus preussii leaves are relevant both nutritionally and medicinally.
Pages : 162-170 | 381 Views | 13 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Njoya HK, Chukwu E Onyeneke, Okwuonu CU, Erifeta GO. Phytochemical, proximate and elemental analysis of the African mistletoe (Tapinanthus preussii) crude aqueous and ethanolic leaf extracts. J Med Plants Stud 2018;6(6):162-170.
Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies
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