Chemo-profiling of Curcuma aromatica Salisbury rhizomes and leaves from South India
Priyanka R, Vasundhara M and Manjunatha Reddy AH
Wild yellow root, Curcuma aromatica is a camphoraceous plant of genus curcuma and zingiberaceae family. It is one of the species related to Curcuma longa, also known as wild turmeric, vanaharidra or Kasturi Arisina. Curcuma aromatica, the traditional aromatic and medicinal cosmetic is the second most commonly cultivated and utilized species next to Curcuma longa. In the present study, an attempt has been made to evaluate the chemical composition of rhizome and leaf essential oil. Essential oil content obtained by hydro-distillation of fresh rhizomes and dry leaves was 3.4 and 1.4% respectively. Oxygenated monoterpenes, monoterpene hydrocarbons, sesquiterpenes and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons are the predominant constituents of both rhizome and leaf essential oil. The major volatile components of rhizome oil are cedrene, Xanthorrhizol, ar-curcumene, camphor, and germacrone. Leaf oil is composed of ar-curcumene, isofuranogermacrone, 1,8-cineole, Xanthorrhizol and camphor. The bioactive compounds are considered the promising source of natural anti-carcinogenic and anti-Inflammatory agents.