Ethnopharmacological study of medicinal plants sold in some markets in Haut-Sassandra (Central-West, Côte d’Ivoire)
Abba P Obouayeba, Allali E Koffi, Djako ST Akré, Kouamé A N’guessan, Bognan AAJ Ackah, Tanoh H Kouakou and Jean D N’guessan
The Haut-Sassandra region in west-central Côte d’Ivoire provides a significant share of domestic production of food and export products. The local population responsible for this production is generally treated with medicinal plants for various reasons. It became important to know the pathologies affecting this population and the plants used to treat them. Thus, an ethnopharmacological survey was conducted among 100 people in four localities (Daloa, Gonaté, Guessabo and Zoukougbeu). The procedure adopted in this study was a semi-directive interview based on a pre-elaborated questionnaire. The ethnopharmacological fact sheet consists of two main parts. The first relates to socio-demographic information about the respondent. The second part concerns the botanical and pharmacological characteristics of the plants surveyed. The majority of women herbalists (97%) are between 41 and 50 years old. The vast majority of herbalists have no grade level (97%) and 78% are married. The medicinal plants used in Haut-Sassandra, the trees are mostly (76%) and the leaves are the most used organs (51%). The decoction is the most used method (71%) and the drink (45%) dominates the other routes of administration. In addition, malaria treated conditions are the most cited (24.54%). Fifty-three (53) medicinal species were identified belonging to 35 families and that of Rubiaceae is more represented (7.40%). 30% of medicinal plants have various pharmacological properties in the literature. Finally, this study shows that traditional medicine really contributes to the health care of the population and deserves to be accompanied. The identified medicinal plants will guide future research into natural substances for the development of improved traditional medicines.
Abba P Obouayeba, Allali E Koffi, Djako ST Akré, Kouamé A N’guessan, Bognan AAJ Ackah, Tanoh H Kouakou, Jean D N’guessan. Ethnopharmacological study of medicinal plants sold in some markets in Haut-Sassandra (Central-West, Côte d’Ivoire). J Med Plants Stud 2019;7(5):13-22.