Comparison of substrates and branch parts on the growth and marketable quality of saplings of Physalis peruviana L.
Aysun Cavusoglu, Zehra Erdem and Mehmet Ufuk Kasım
In the study, effect of initial vegetative parts and potting medium on rooting and shoot growth of cuttings of Physalis peruviana L. were studied. For this aim two different, main stem derived branch cuttings (terminal and subterminal) and three substrates (perlite, sand and peat) were used. At the end of the 60th day, important cutting parameters (survival rate, leafy cutting rate, leaves number, rooting rate, maximum root lenght, fresh root weight and marketable sapling rate) were investigated. According to the data, rooting rate of terminal cutting (73.3%) and subterminal cutting (53.3%) in peat showed advantage than in sand and perlite although the survival rates did not show a statistical difference in cutting types or in used substrates. The lowest and highest leaf number were found in sand (3.9 leaves/cutting) and in peat (9.9 leaves/cutting) respectively at terminal cuttings after 60 days. Marketable sapling rates changed between 0% in perlite with subterminal cuttings and 73.33% in peat with terminal cuttings. The results showed that in vegetative cutting step of cultivation of Physalis peruviana L., terminal cuttings and peat medium can be more preferable than subterminal cuttings and perlite or sand according to the study.