A review on some endemic and near endemic plants of Toor Al-Baha District, Lahej Governorate, Yemen
Rawiya H Alasbahi and Othman SS Al-Hawshabi
The present study aimed at scientifically documenting and evaluating of ten endemic and near endemic plants of the Toor Al Baha district in the Lahej governorate, Yemen. Botanical, ethnobotanical, phytochemical, pharmacological studies of Aloe sabaea, Crinum album, Euphorbia fractiflexa, Euphorbia fruticosa, Euphorbia inarticulata, Euphorbia qarad, Euphorbia uzmuk, Heliotropium longiflorum var. longiflorum, Pavettalongiflora subsp. longiflora and Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus have been performed by researching scientific literature and interviewing local people for ethnobotanical uses. 8 out of 10 studied plants were found to be used for humans and animals. The phytochemical constituents were reported for A. sabaea, C. album, E. fruticose, E. uzmuk and Tribulus macropterus Boiss. var. arabicus. Pharmacological studies were reported for C. album bulbs, E. fruticose, E. uzmuk, Pavetta longiflora subsp. longiflora, and Tribulus macropterus var. arabicus. This review provided scientific documentation, encouraged to raise the public awareness against the use of most of the selected plants and highlighted their importance as promising candidates for future scientific research.