Impact of climatic change on vegetable crops and its mitigation strategies
Dr. Ranjeet Kumar Gupta
Vegetables play an important role in the economy of India as well as in our well balanced diet. The constituents of vegetables have good therapeutic value due to anti carcinogenic and antioxidant properties. Nature has endowed our country with vast diversity of land, soil and of varied agro-climatic conditions. But unluckily the crops productivity are being hit by the consequences of climatic change such as global warming changes in seasonal and monsoon pattern, biotic and abiotic factors under changing climatic situations crop failures, shortage of yields, reduction in quality and increasing pests and disease problems are common and they render the vegetable cultivation unprofitable. Drought and salinity are the two important consequences of increase in temperature worsening vegetable cultivation vegetable crops are very sensitive to climatic vagaries and sudden rise in temperatures as well as irregular precipitation at any phase of crop growth can affect the normal growth. For reducing malnutrition and alleviating poverty in developing countries through improved production and consumption of safe vegetables will involve adaptation of current vegetable systems to the potential impact of climatic change. To mitigate the adverse impact of climatic change on productivity and quality of vegetable crops there in need to develop sound adaptation strategies.