Ethno botanical studies of Tatta Pani Valley, Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) Pakistan
Ayesha Azeem, Anwar Zeb, Shakeela Umer, Gohar Ali and Yaseen Khan
A comprehensive ethno botanical survey was conducted in valley Tatta Pani, Kotli Azad Jammu and Kashmir, during 2015-2016. The area is floristically very rich with dense vegetation cover. Semi-structured interviews and questionnaires were used to ethno botanical data from local inhabitants of Tatta Pani. A total number of 70 species belonging to 33 families were recorded. Of these 70 species 50 (71.42%) are medicinally important, followed by feed 25 (35.71%), fuel 17 (24.28%), marketing 15 (21.42%), timber wood 7 (10%), fencing/hedge 6 (8.57) and ornamental 5 (7.1%). The most frequently used plant part was leaf 48 (70%) followed by stem 39 (67.1%), fruit 23 (32.85%), seeds 17 (24.28%) and flower 7 (7.1%). Habit wise classification of the plant species of the study area revealed 27 (38.57%) trees followed by 26 (37.14%) herbaceous, 12 (17.14%) shrubs and 8 (11.42%) climbers. The community of the area depends on natural resources for firewood, feed, housing, timber and medicine due to lack of basic facilities. This is the first-ever exploration of the study area which will assist new researcher in future especially in the field of ecology and ethno botany.