A review on ethnomedicinal, phytoconstituents and phytopharmacology of Bombax ceiba L
Somvanshi Nikita and Saboo Shweta
Medicinal plant is the basic and most significant part of traditional medicinal system. Different plant contains medicinal properties also known as herbal plant. Bombax ceiba L plant of Bombacaceae family shows many Pharmacological activity. It is also called as Kate Savar and Semal. It is native plant of western Africa. It is naturally obtained in Pakistan, India and Myanmar. Bombax ceiba L is big and tall tree with height approximately 30m and having diameter of 58 to78 cm.
It grows in straight direction with having cylindrical stem and wide base. Bombax ceiba L contain principal constituent are tannin and glycosides which is present in part of leaf and stem. The part of stem shows presence of some lupeol and b-sitosterol. and the leaf shows the presence of alkaloid. the root bark contains the 3 naphthalene derivatives. Bombax ceiba L shows many pharmacological properties. Stem bark of plant used for wound. Thorn of plant used in different formulation to treat acne problem. Androecium used for food purpose.
Leaf shows Antidiarrheal property. Root used for treatment of Piles. Bark contain lupeol, saponins, tannins, gums and 4,5,7- trihydroxyflavone-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl (1-4)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside, nhexacosanol. Root bark contain lactone and ether. Seed contain palmitic acid and flower contain polysaccharide. Leaves contain Shamimin. This review paper provides an overview on Pharmacological, Phytomedicinal properties of the plant.