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Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies
  • Printed Journal
  • Indexed Journal
  • Refereed Journal
  • Peer Reviewed Journal

ISSN Print: 2394-0530, ISSN Online: 2320-3862

Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies

2021, Vol. 9, Issue 3, Part A
Phytochemical evaluation and antimicrobial potential of methanol extracts of mistletoe (Loranthus micranthus) leaves grown on cola tree (Cola nitida) and oil bean tree (Pentaclethra macrophylla)

Enemchukwu BN, Ezeigwe OC, Orinya OF, Nwali UI, Chigbo CM and Iloanya EL

This study evaluated the phytochemical and antimicrobial potential of methanol extracts of Loranthus micranthus (Mistletoe) plant grown on Cola nitida (Cola tree) and Pentaclethra macrophylla (oil bean tree) on three bacterial pathogens; Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa using standard methods. Phytochemical analysis results showed the following (%); for Cola nitida: alkaloids (0.49+0.01), flavonoids (1.07 +0.01), saponins (0.71+0.01), steroids (0.45+0.01), tannins (0.94+0.01) and for Pentaclethra macrophylla, alkaloids (0.39+0.01), flavonoids (1.25+0.01), saponins (0.43+0.03), steroids (0.77+0.01) and tannins (0.84+0.02) respectively. Antimicrobial evaluation revealed that the extracts produced antimicrobial activity on the test microorganisms. Zone of inhibitions at 0.4ml dilution of the extracts were significantly higher (p<0.05) than those at 0.1mL, 0.2mL dilutions and undiluted. Staphylococcus aureus was most sensitive to the extracts with mean diameter of (12.75±0.24mm). From these findings, Loranthus micranthus leaves contain pharmacological ingredients and therefore could be useful in antimicrobial regimen formulation for microbial infection diseases treatment.
Pages : 28-32 | 19 Views | 5 Downloads
How to cite this article:
Enemchukwu BN, Ezeigwe OC, Orinya OF, Nwali UI, Chigbo CM, Iloanya EL. Phytochemical evaluation and antimicrobial potential of methanol extracts of mistletoe (Loranthus micranthus) leaves grown on cola tree (Cola nitida) and oil bean tree (Pentaclethra macrophylla). J Med Plants Stud 2021;9(3):28-32.
Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies
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