A review on ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) with unani perspective and modern pharmacology
Fasihur Rehman Ansari, Kunwar Alam Chodhary and Mariyam Ahad
Ginger is an incredible perennial herb belonging to the family Zingiberaceae, comprises rhizome of the Zingiber officinale Rosc. It has been widely used all over the world since antiquity, for a wide array of unrelated ailments that include arthritis, rheumatism, sprains, muscular aches, pains, sore throats, cramps, constipation, indigestion, vomiting, hypertension, dementia, fever, infectious diseases and helminthiasis. It is commonly known as Saunth, and Zanjabeel. Ginger is a strong anti-oxidant substance and may either mitigate or prevent generation of free radicals. These actions may be attributed due to the chemical compounds have been isolated from the plant, mainly coumarins, flavonoids, terpenoids, volatile oils and amino acids etc. Numerous experimental and clinical trials have proven ginger for its range of therapeutic activities such as antibacterial, antidiabetic, antiemetic, hypolipidaemic, hepatoprotective etc properties. The present article aims to explore traditional Unani and pharmacological activities of this herb reported till date.