Ipsita Sahu, Akshya Mishra, Debashish Gardia and Aishwarya Khamari
One of the most nutrient-dense cucurbit vegetables is the pointed gourd (Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.), which enjoys a prized spot in the Indian market during the warm and wet months. It is a perennial crop that is quite popular because it is available for eight months out of the year (February–September). It has certain medical effects due to its high protein and vitamin A content, and there are numerous studies about its involvement in decreasing blood sugar levels. In this paper, an effort was made to examine the microscopic characteristics of Trichosanthes dioica. Leaf exhibited uniceriate glandular epidermis with a single cellular head. Spongy parenchymatous cells, collenchymatous cells, pericycle, phloem, and xylem were all present after the epidermis. The Xylem vessels were spiral and reticulate. The collenchymatous cells' inside. The existence of uniseriate multicellular trichomes was shown by powder microscopy. crystal sheath oil globules, anomocytic stomata, liginified spiral arteries, and epidermis cells. The powders were subjected to various reagent treatments during the powder analysis, and various colours were visible to the naked eye and under UV light. There was quantitative microscopy. Vein termination and vein islet averages were 13.6 and 12, respectively. The upper and lower epidermis of the leaf had average stomatal counts of 12.5 and 16.33, respectively. The upper and lower epidermis of the leaf had average stomatal indices of 22.87 and 24.62, respectively. Data from these studies were helpful for evaluating the raw materials used in the manufacturing of herbal medicines and for anatomical research.