Deepika Deepanitwa Sahoo, Yasmeen Tabassum and Deoraj Sharma
Ayurveda's focus on healthy lifestyle practices and the regular consumption of adaptogenic herbs can address many of the major causes of global morbidity and mortality. Ayurvedic practitioners highly regard Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum Linn), and scientific research has confirmed its benefits. With its unique combination of pharmacological actions, tulsi has demonstrated its ability to address physical, chemical, metabolic, and psychological stress. There is evidence that tulsi protects organs and tissues against chemical and physical stress resulting from prolonged physical exertion, ischemia, physical restraint, excessive noise, and cold exposure. In addition to its beneficial effects on memory and cognitive functions as well as its anxiolytic and antidepressant properties, tulsi can counter metabolic stress, lowering blood glucose, blood pressure, and oxidized cholesterol levels. Due to its broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, including activity against human and animal pathogens, tulsi can be used in treating wounds, animal rearing, preserving food and herbal raw materials, and traveller's health as well as hand sanitizers, mouthwashes and water purifiers. Plants grown for tulsi have spiritual significance and practical value, allowing growers to tap into nature's creative powers. Organic cultivation enables farmers to address food security issues, rural poverty, hunger and environmental degradation. Using ancient knowledge, tulsi is considered a symbol of wisdom in Ayurvedic medicine. Additionally, the Tulsi plant's roots, stem, fruit, and leaves have several phytochemical constituents that impart different therapeutic properties. Eugenol, vallinin, gallic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid are some of these constituents. Many diseases can be treated with these phytochemicals extracted from plants. Tulsi is reported to have anti-ulcer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, anti-arthritic, analgesic, anti-stress, anti-asthmatic, antifertility, Immunomodulation, and neuroprotective properties.