A comprehensive review on common plants with remarkable medicinal properties: Urtica dioica
Sonu Subba and Kajal Pradhan
Urtica dioica (stinging nettle) is a perennial plant belonging to the Urtica family Urtica genus. Nettles (genus Urtica, Urticaceae) have received considerable attention as a food preservative consumed by both humans and animals. It has also been used in traditional medicine for centuries. You can make curries, herbal and sour soups from young leaves. Nettle root is used to treat urological disorders related to benign prostatic hyperplasia, and leaves are used to treat arthritis, rheumatism, and allergic rhinitis. The leaves contain fibre, minerals, vitamins, polyphenols and carotenoids of antioxidant compounds, rich in antioxidant compounds such as polyphenols and carotenoids. Nettle has anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, anti-infective, anti-hypertensive and anti-ulcer properties in all parts of the plant (leaves, stems, roots and seeds), and has been shown to improve heart health.