Phyto-Pharmacognostic review on Passiflora species
Aditya R Kaikade, Shailju G Gurunani, Tina W Pandel, Swapnay A Sherekar, Pratiksha R Kaikade, Samiksha R Mehare, Swapnaja B Gunjarkar, Monika W Parate, Shilpa V Jaiswal, Yashashree V Dhawale and Vaibhav N Mohare
The ability to live a healthy, disease-free life is nature's gift to humans through medicinal plants. It is essential for maintaining our health. India, one of the most medically and culturally diverse nations in the world, has a long history of using medicinal plants, and this tradition is still held in high regard today. The use of medicinal plants is thought to be significantly safer and more effective at curing a variety of illnesses. Over two thousand medicinal plants have been identified in our nation. India's tropical and subtropical regions are home to the significant medicinal plant Passiflora incarnata. It therapeutic use has been documented in conventional medical systems including Ayurveda, Siddha, and Unani. According to descriptions, P. incarnata is a passion flower. Passiflora is used for the treatment of dysmenorrhea, neuralgia, and nervous tachycardia. It is a mild sedative for anxiety, sleeplessness, and restless leg syndrome. Herb Passiflora fruit is used to make jams, jellies, and sweets. The juice is a preferred beverage flavouring. Experimental and clinical pharmacology are both parts of Herb Passiflorae's pharmacology. Analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, cardiovascular, central nervous system depressant, and uterine stimulating actions are all part of experimental pharmacology. Clinical pharmacology includes its impact on nausea, menopause, dysmenorrhea, and diabetes, in addition to its anxiolytic, analgesic, and sedative properties. Herb passiflorae is used during pregnancy because it increases uterine contractions. Herb Passiflorae's aqueous extract is not genotoxic. Due to the presence of Lactobacillus passion fruit is better suited for use by children. When consumed in reasonable doses, passion fruit is non-toxic and safe to consume daily. Adults should take 3–4 aerial parts of a sedative per day. In conclusion, Herb Passiflora has effects on nausea, menopause, dysmenorrhea, and diabetes in addition to its analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, cardiovascular, central nervous system depressant, uterine stimulant, anxiolytic, analgesic, and sedative effects.
Aditya R Kaikade, Shailju G Gurunani, Tina W Pandel, Swapnay A Sherekar, Pratiksha R Kaikade, Samiksha R Mehare, Swapnaja B Gunjarkar, Monika W Parate, Shilpa V Jaiswal, Yashashree V Dhawale, Vaibhav N Mohare. Phyto-Pharmacognostic review on Passiflora species. J Med Plants Stud 2023;11(3):35-50.