Therapeutic efficacy of medicinal plants in combating urinary tract infections: A comprehensive systematic review
Shivani Choubey and Shadma Siddiqui
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a very common Infection of Human body a collective term that describes any infection involving any part of the urinary tract, namely the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. The urinary tract can be divided into the upper (kidneys and ureters) and lower tract (bladder and urethra).
UTI can involve any part of your urinary system, including the urethra, ureters, bladder and kidneys. Symptoms typically include needing to urinate often, having pain when urinating and feeling pain in your side or lower back.
The urinary tract infection is the first most common infection even it comes in list of common infection after respiratory infection. We may easily found that urinary tract infection always connects with the nosocomial infection which is very common in hospital and somehow it may be the cause of death of a patient in a very large scale.
The urinary tract infection may become the common infection during Hospital stay, due to less immunity of the Patient and in high risk patients, especially with long stay of the patient, poor hygiene of the patients and negligence of the hand hygiene may increase the chances of UTI in hospitalized patients. The inappropriate treatment of a patient like without urine culture and sensitivity test the Physician gives experimental treatment of a patient with incorrect antibiotics creates a condition of “super bugs.
Plant medicines have been used for many thousands of years in many different cultures and in many countries. Today medicinal plants have become a growing alternative for establishing a healthy body environment. They play an important role for the treatment of different types of diseases and disorders since ancient times.
Including urinary tract infections. They can affect the urinary tract infections as disinfectants, analgesics, diureticsor narcotics. Some have been shown to have antimicrobial effect against Escherichia coli and other organisms that cause Urinary tract infections (UTIs). Medicinal plants can be very effective in programs for resolving UTIs.