Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr. (Bean Tree) in Northeast India: A review of its phenology, Phytochemistry, Biology, and Pharmacology
Benchilo Ezung, Roja K and Paul Agastian
The utilization of botanical remedies for therapeutic purposes is prevalent in the rural communities of Nagaland, India. Parkia timoriana, a member of the Fabaceae family, represents an example of an underutilized and relatively obscure tree species with untapped potential for multiple purposes. This tree species is widely distributed in the southern hemisphere, particularly in countries such as Indonesia, Taiwan, Australia, Singapore, Vietnam, and upper Srilanka in South Asia. It is recognized as a prominent multifunctional tree form. The majority of the components of the tree, such as the bark, leaves, pods, tender shoots, and flowers, have been historically employed for medicinal purposes to address diverse health conditions. The utilization of pods for diverse medicinal applications was prevalent. The objective of this current review is to assess the ethnobotanical applications, phenological behaviours, phytochemical constituents, and pharmacological efficacy. Parkia timoriana have the potential to significantly contribute to the improvement of global food security.
Benchilo Ezung, Roja K, Paul Agastian. Parkia timoriana (DC.) Merr. (Bean Tree) in Northeast India: A review of its phenology, Phytochemistry, Biology, and Pharmacology. J Med Plants Stud 2023;11(6):61-69.