Phytochemistry, pharmacology and Unani traditional uses of Khubazi (Malva sylvestris Linn.): An overview
Sheema, Mohd Aleemuddin Quamri and Arshad Jamal
Many traditional system of medicines highly consider khubazi (Malva sylvestris Linn.) for the therapeutic properties of its leaves, seeds, and roots. The plant grows in Punjab, Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra, but it can be found throughout India's plains. Unani System of Medicine is one of the oldest system of medicine where the magical part of this plant are used internally to treat strangury, urinary discharges, blood purification from scorpion stings, enlargement of the spleen, sore throat, and chronic bronchitis. Many nations have been using medicinal herbs for ages to cure various illnesses. Common mallow is defined as Malva sylvestris L., a species of mallow that is derived from the Malvaceae family. With its antibacterial, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant qualities, this remarkable plant is regarded as one of the most promising species to use in Unani medicine. Numerous actions recorded in Unani literature are demonstrated by the scientific examination of Khubazi. However, more investigation is required to determine Khubazi's mechanism of action, active ingredients, and clinical utility. Given the promising outcomes against a range of diseases, further research is necessary to establish this as a routine treatment. This review mostly concentrates on the traditional applications of Malva sylvestris, as well as its pharmacological properties, phytochemical components, and future research perspectives.